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comes from the idea of imperialism, which describes one
nation's dominance over another nation or territory.
Imperialism by one nation gives rise to empires.
Empires of the past
Empires have always existed throughout our history. Empires date from as far back as Ancient Egypt that had dominated the Middle East and seized Nubia in the South for the rich gold deposits found there. Alexander the Great forged the Greek Empire that included Egypt and stretched as far as India. Imperial Rome covered much of Europe, the Middle East and Northern Africa, establishing a Roman Empire that lasted for centuries. Genghis Khan's Mongolian Empire swept the world with the Mongolian hordes, conquering both China and Russia to form the largest empire the world had seen. The British Empire, by process of gradual colonisation, formed the largest formal empire that ended little more than fifty years ago.
Empires were driven by a strong nation with the power to dominate others, spread their influence as they conquered and assimilated, leaving various reminders of their power. Egypt for example, one of the most ancient empires, still dazzles the world with her wonderful monuments. The impact of the British Empire, the last great empire, can be seen clearly by the use of her language, English, by so many parts of the world today.
Decline of Imperialism
Empires, powerful as they were, existed however only for the benefit of the colonising nation herself, and not for the natives. The collapse of empires throughout history has shown us empires do not last, faced with the natural decay of time. Imperialism, the concept of the domination of one nation over another, herself declined after World War II, on the basis of self-determination for every nation. It was in this period that the British Empire dismantled herself and Egypt gained full independence.
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