Below is a Flash Timeline of the modern history of Egypt. Hover over the dots for the details to appear.
In the event that the flash animation does not appear or if you would prefer to refer to a chronological list instead, please refer below:
- Ismail is made Khedive
and starts modernising it.
- Suez Canal opens.
- The British buys the
Khedive's 40% holdings in the Suez Canal Company.
- Khedive Ismail is
forced to abdicate and Khedive Tewfiq takes over.
- British and French
stewardship brings finances under control leading
to a nationalist uprising led by Urabi Bey.
- British forces land at
Alexandria and defeat the Nationalists at Tel-El-Kebir.
British occupation begins.
- Britain and France
declare the Suez Canal neutral.
- Abbas JJ Hilmi becomes
the Khedive, but his actions are limited by the
- Sudan is declared to be
an Anglo-Egyptian condominium.
- Upsurge in anti-European
- Gorst tells Egyptians
that they are unripe for self-government.
- Congress of Egyptian
Youth demand British withdrawal from Egypt.
- Britain declares Egypt
a protectorate and orders all foreign vessels out
of Suez Canal.
- Turkist and Senussi
attacks on Egypt are repelled.
- Ottomans are defeated.
- More troops are sent to
Egypt to deal with nationalist unrest. Riots in
November. Britain grants constitution to Egypt.
- Rioting in Cairo and
- Egypt is declared
independent, but with some British influence.
- Sultan Fuad becomes
King Fuad I.
- Tutankhamen discovered.
- Britain agrees to
withdraw some troops from Egypt, but not from
- Anti-British riots. Two
dead, 88 hurt.
- Farouk becomes King.
Anglo-Egyptian treaty signed.
- Farouk declared to be
- Italians bomb Suez
Canal and enter Egypt from Libya.
- Britain forces King to
reappoint a more Pro-British government.
- Premier Ahmed Maher
Pasha is shot dead.
- Anti-British riots,
bomb explodes in British Services Club in
- State of Emergency
- Military coup. General
Neguib comes to power. King Farouk leaves Egypt.
- Britain and Egypt
discuss future of Suez Canal.
- Britain agrees to
withdrawal of 65,000 servicemen.
- Nasser ousts Neguib.
- Israelis raid Egypt and
held Gaza Strip.
- Britain and Egypt agree
to independence of Sudan.
- Nasser assumes full
executive powers and nationalise Suez Canal
Company. Diplomatic problems force the withdrawal
of the British and French armies. Israel keeps