|The New Hellenic State (1833 - our days)|
In 1456 Constantinople was taken by the Turks. That was the end of Byzantine Empire. The next 400 years Greek people had to live with Turks. On 22 February 1821, Alexander Ypsilantis along with a small escort of five persons crossed the river Pruth, the boundary with Russia and the Danubian principalities, went to Greece. That was the beginning of the revolution. Few years later the New Hellenic State was established.
Greek costumes changed, and there are some generalizations that can be made about the costumes and their styles and components. For example, the costumes of the mainland and of the islands are different.
All Greek costumes have similar materials, construction, parts, and designs, but the costumes in the local regions have some individual characteristics which are often very different from those of the costumes of other regions.
Every day's life sciences at the beginning of 20th century
There are two main types of costumes for men. Foustanella and Vraka.
In the central and southern
regions of Greece wear the "fustanella". After the liberation of Greece
Fustanella was worn by the
Greek fighters of the 1821 revolution and today it serves as the
The fustanella skirt consists
of 400 pleats symbolizing the years during which Greece was under
remainder of the costume is composed of a white shirt with very wide
flowing sleeves, an
The embroidery is made of spun
wool and the belt is of a fine leather work. The Fustanella has
Extremely popular, this costume is now one of the world's most well-known traditional garments.Vraka The word ''vraka'' means generally the male Crete costume although this kind of trousers
worn by the islands inhabitants of Greece instead of a fustanella. The men’s costume is made of heavy
wool felt to protect against the cold and is embroidered with black cord.
In some island “vraka” was worn by women too and was long, to the ankles, because during the Turkish
occupation women wanted to hide their legs from the eyes of the Turks.
The male Epirotan costume has also
characteristic pair of pants, called “bourazana” or “ panovraki”,
which resembles the
|One general rule about
the Women's costumes concerns the main parts of
their traditional dress.
Most of the mainland costumes in particular have a cotton chemise
(poukamiso) as the basic garment. On the body, over the chemise, there is a
sleeveless vest which is usually made of wool. These may be short or long.
Sometimes dresses are of homespun wool, but in some areas they are made
After the industrial revolution of the 19th
century, both men's and women's dress becomes more complex due to the
invention of the
Women's clothing became also lighter
and lighter in construction and materials. Men's Dress in the same
period took a turn
During World Wars periods women had to recycle clothes and textiles. Wedding dresses would be worn several times, borrowed by sisters and friends. Skirts were made from men's old plus fours or trousers. Parents clothes would be made into children's clothes. Blankets were used to make coats and old coats cut into smaller garments. Pillowcases were trimmed with lace and made into blouses. Nothing was wasted.
After the war manufacturers read the
public's need for newness and innovative change and started
manufacture replicas of the
|Giannis Tsarouchis Giannis Tsarouchis Nikolaos Lytras Constantine Parthenis|
Read more about Giannis Tsarouchis, Theophilos Hatzimichael, Emile Lester, Greek Painting during 20th century, National Costumes all over Greece and Lyceum Club of Greek Women.
|Recourses: Greek Painting http://www.culture.gr/2/21/214/21406m/e214061m.html|
Yiannis Tsarouchis - Painter of the Greek Folk Costume
On Track Team's case study. Fivos K. and
Theano S. were responsible for this part of our work.