Parthenon marbles and
same period's status or tombstones
give us an idea about clothes during
classical times (5th century b.C).
women and men clothes were very easy
to make and to put them on. They were usually made from a
piece of rectangular material, with no special shaping and very
little sewing. People made their clothes out of sheep's wool which
was spun to make lightweight cloth. Colored costume was popular, and
women used natural dyes from plants to colour fabric.
Chiton was the main dress for both
men and women
- a kind of tunic made from two rectangles of fabric
together along the shoulder and arms, belted at the waist.
It was usually made of a lightweight
fabric and closed
on both sides or
worn open on one full side. The open style is more closely
with people of Sparta than
people of Athens.
Exomis was a version of short chiton with right arm left free for
This marble statue from The
Metropolitan Museum of Art (Roman
copy of a Greek
bronze original dated about 450–425 B.C.) depicting a
wounded Amazon wearing an
By the time of the Classical & Hellenistic periods, the most
frequent depictions of
Artemis, the goddess of the hunt, are as she is seen
armed with her bow & arrows. (Delos Archaeological Museum)
Others chiton's versions were
(a chiton used by all
chariot drivers during
like the famous Charioteer of Delphi) and Chitoniskos (a short
Chiton, sometimes worn
another Chiton like
Peplos is perhaps a more
distinctively Greek garment than the chiton, as the chiton's
similarities to apparel types in a number of other
cultures and times. However, the Peplos has several
that distinguish it from other clothing traditions.
Made of one
large rectangular piece of cloth, it was formed into a cylinder and
then folded along
line into a deep cuff, creating an
The neckline and armholes of the
Peplos were formed by fibulae, broochlike pins that attached the
to the front of the garment at either shoulder.
You can see below status and tombstones with different styles of
chiton or Peplos.