Autism is a behaviour disturbance.
Autistic children are, most of the time, described as children who live in their own created world. They don’t react a lot to others or to loud sounds. Occasionally it is laborious for them to communicate with others, and sometimes they use certain sounds instead of talking. This doesn’t mean that they aren’t interested or don’t listen. Mentally handicapped people can be autistic too. They need extra attention.
Sometimes a mentally handicapped person is spastic. This means that they can’t use their muscular system. They walk with difficulty or they are sitting in a wheel chair.
Others can’ t talk for example. Most of the time they make use of gestures. These might be devised by themselves. But they also use gestures which are used and known by more people.
Besides using gestures, deaf people can spell letters with their fingers. People who aren’t deaf but who haven’t the ability to talk use gestures too. Occasionally there is one gesture per word. Moreover, there are gestures for each letter. You can make your own these letter gestures. At the website beneath you can look at the whole gesture alphabet, and you can translate a sentence to the gesture alphabet. Have fun!
There is also a Dutch, German and French version.
A Dutch software developer (Jouke Visser) invented a computer program called P-voice.
You can download this free program from: www.pvoice.org
When you click on 'Produkten' you can see the download link in the colomn: 'products'.
When you click on that link, a screen opens where the autor asks you to fill in some things. But that is not obligatory.
The only restriction is that you read and accept the artistic licence.
The program uses symbols (p.e. Bliss symbols) which can be filled in just as you like.
And it uses speech.
It can be installed with these languages: French, German, Spanish, Swedish, English, Dutch, Norwegian and Arabic.
There is another system which is used by the assistants of plural handicapped children who can’t talk. This system is called Bliss symbols. It can be used on the computer. At this website you can see how this system looks like:
www.vanoostendorp.nl/linguist/bliss.html is a website on which you can find a story which is written about a little boy Richard who uses Bliss symbols. We translated the story for you in English because the website is Dutch:
“Some children are physically handicapped in a way that they can’t pronounce or write words. Until recently there was no way for them to communicate. Nowadays speach therapists try to let these children find a way to communicate. Due to gestures, computers, their eyes and special symbol systems these children find their way to communicate and to be understood by others.
When Richard was seven years old, he wrota book in which the adventures of Tim and Tom were painted, and in which his own dreams were painted. For example the nightmare in which he is alone in the hospital: there are ghosts and he feels so oppressed that he almost suffocates. Richard can’t talk about his nightmares. But he can paint and write them. Caused by his motorial handicap, he can’t talk. He has too less control over his body which causes that he can’t articulate. He can use his hand and he has now his own computer on which he makes combinations of symbols to make sentences with one finger. These sentences are pronounced by the computer. This takes a long time but it works. Together with the speech therapist Richard has to find out how the computer works easier and faster. He pushes on the symbol ‘me’ and then on the symbol of a mallet. ‘I have’ the computer pronounces. Then Richard pushes on a mask which symbolizes ‘feelings’ and then on a red cross. ‘Pain’ the computer pronounce know. Again the little boy pushes two buttons: ‘in’. Another combination: ‘mine’. Richard looks to the speech therapist. ‘Where do you feel pain?’ she asks. The boy coughs and points. ‘Your throat?’ He nods. ‘I’ve to find that’,’ the speech therapist says and she takes the guidebook. She turns over the leaves for a little time to find out how Richard can say ‘throat’ with his computer. Richard imitates her for a while to be sure he knows the word by heard. Then he lets the computer say the whole sentence: ‘I’ve got pain in my throat’. Richard is so happy now which makes him forget his cold. Until he reminds what was happening and coughs for a second time.’’