A ketch is a sailing craft with two masts (the poles that hold up the sails). Ketches have both a main mast (largest mast usually in the center) and a mizzen mast (the mast behind the mail mast). Ketches were usually smaller than most ships; they could be 40 to 80 feet long. One reason for this was to have less crew size. The crew on a ketch was made up of about 24 people. Trading ketches had to be small so they could fit into narrow harbors to load and unload merchandise easier.
were mainly used by nations between the Caribbean and America. Although
ketches were capable, larger vessels were usually used when transporting
merchandise from one side of the Atlantic to the other.
Bomb ketches are the most known ketches. The first design of a bomb vessel was by Bernard Renau d’Elicagary (a French engineer) in 1682. He called it galiote a bombes.
The ketch build
was chosen instead of other vessels because of the position of its main
mast. The mortars (which fired the bombs) were in front of the mast and
allowed deck room. The mortars faced the front of the ketch so the ketch
had to anchor and turn around to aim. Bomb ketches were around 80 to 100
feet long with about 80 to 100 people in a crew.
“The Ketch”. The Ketch. 27 February 2005. <http://www.flyinglab.com/pirates/catalog/ship.php?type=ketch&page=3>.
"Ketch." Wikipedia. 5 March 2005. <http://en.wikipedia.org/>.