When early settlers first came to Australia and America, there were hardly any suitable animals to pull carts, so they mostly walked on foot. In Australia, instead of having animals pull carts, convicts were chained to carts and made to pull them.
In the 1800’s, horse pulled carts and bullock wagons were invented. Up to forty-two bullocks (male cattle) would be linked in pairs to drag heavy loads of cut wood. Horses would pull horse-drawn carts, which transported people and small goods.
In 1853, Freeman Cobb, who had worked for Wells Fargo and The Adams Express Company in California during the Gold rush, sailed to Australia. With his American friends John Murray Peck, James Swanton and John Lamber, he started up Cobb & Company. Cobb & Co. was a horse-drawn cart postage system that ran for seventy years in Australia!
During this time horse-drawn carts were built with tougher timber that could cope with the extreme outback weather of Australia. In 1860, camels were brought to Australia from Afghanistan. They were used more often than horses because naturally they could stand hot weather.
"Early innovations in transport." Tomorrow’s World Australian Initiative. 11 September 2004 <http://apc-online.com/twa/history3.htm>.
Permission to use photograph of
horse drawn cart with man from <http://fotservis.typepad.com/photos/romania_carpaths_on_motor/cart_man.html>
Copyrighted clip art image in upper left corner of page and photograph of horse-drawn cart from "Microsoft Office Online" <http://office.microsoft.com/clipart/default.aspx?lc=en-us&cag=1> (October-March, 2004-2005). Clip art available only to licensed users for non-commercial purposes.
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