Chronemics is how we perceive time and how it can define the importance of someone or something. Some people are very important and only have the time to see people through appointments and in that instance, his time shows how important he is. Timing is very important when either calling in an appointement or responding to a letter or e-mail because timing leads to expectations and could possibly influence the communication that will occur when you are face-to-face.
Chronemics varies greatly from culture to culture and they are based upon monochronic and polychronic. America is a monochronic country which means that time is viewed as a commodity. It is scheduled, managed, and arranged. Many Spanish-speaking cultures are polychronic which means they do several things at the same time. They will break appointments and meetings if their family needs them without any guilt or an apology.
|Monochronic People||Polychronic People|
|Do one thing at a time,
concentrate on the job
|Do many things at once,
are highly distractable and subject to changes
|Take time commitments seriously||Consider time commitments an
objective to be acheived if possible
|Are committed to the job||Are committed to people and
|Adhere religiously to plans||Change plans often and easily|
|Are accustomed to short
|Have strong tendencies to build