World Wide Web
The acronym WWW stands for World Wide Web. As the name implies, the World Wide Web is a large web, or network that can be accessed from anywhere in the world. It is the prefix entered into the address bar of web browers such as Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer to access web pages across the internet.
Many people get the internet and the World Wide Web confused with each other. The difference is that the World Wide Web is actually a large subset of the internet that uses HTTP to transfer data over the internet. An easy way to remember how the internet is different from the world wide web is that you can use the internet to send emails, files via FTP, and instant messages, but not the World Wide Web. The World Wide Web allows users to access web pages, images, music, and many other files on the internet that are on web pages.
Taken from www.dostep.pl
Basics of Web Design
Four main principles guide the production of visually pleasing and effective websites. They are alignment, proximity, contrast, and repetition. Without considering these important attributes, the website may often be unappealing, and often even repulsive to the viewer. Many personal, and even business websites do not follow the basic principles of design and the WWW is cluttered with these artifacts of poor design. To create a good website, you must be conscious of these four principles and apply your knowledge to your design.
The most important aspect of alignment is that the items on the page must line up with each other. The one rule to follow when fixing alignment problems is to choose ONE alignment and to never, ever, mix alignments.
Mixed alignments distract the viewer and can often accent the wrong aspects of your page. As far as different alignments go, a centered alignment of your page for headers, and lists, is safe - it is balanced, symmetrical, calm and formal but it is often not as powerful or direct as left alignments. When aligning left, the biggest thing to remember is that you do not want your text flush with the edge of your table or border. Space it out, and make sure one thing doesn't interfere with another. Speaking of spacing, we get to our next principle - proximity.
When objects are close together, the viewer of a page will naturally assume that they are somehow related. If your page violates the rules of proximity, and you group unrelated objects together or don't group objects that have a clear relation the viewer will be confused and your presentation will be much less effective. When designing, just remember to have your headings close to the text it belongs with and to have images that relate to text near that text.
The next property of web design is the use of effective contrast on your page. Many eager designers like to put together many bright vibrant colors. Unfortunately, these colors often clash horribly. Examples include bright yellow combined with neon green or a light blue on a white background. Everyone has seen these pages and they look horrible. However, that's not the only problem, whenever you add pictures or headers to your page make sure that the colors are complementary of what you already have done with your text or background. Avery useful design tool is the color wheel, which relates complementary colors and it can often help to simply look at a list of colors and see which ones go well with your design.
The final principle of web design is the use of repetition in your page. Different sections should all have some unifying element. In a list, use a common format for your headers and bullets. Between different pages, use the same background and have either a logo or other graphic that makes the page unique and will allow viewers to remember your site. By repeating common elements, you can create a sense of unity among your pages and it will be much easier for the viewer to navigate and use your website.