|Structure of State|
|Kings of Mongolian Empire|
|The Yuan Dynasty|
Conquer of Chinggis Khaan
In 1207 Chinggis Khan took fifty thousand soldiers and went to fight against Tanguud that was situated in the south. The reason for fighting was that Tanguud’s King Li An Chivan established a relationship with Altan Empire. Zelme was appointed as hoshuuch and was sent to Urakhai city. When the Tanguud’s King heard about that he was very worried and sent camels with lots of gold, silver and diamonds as a presents. He made apologies to Temujin.
Chinggis Khan paid big attention to trading and had relations with Sartuul
and Khar Khidan. Besides, he explored foreign cultures.
However, when Chinggis Khan heard that Tanguud’s King apologized the previous relationship with Altan Empire, Uigar’s Eduud King came to Chinggis Khan.
In 1209 Chinggis Khaan, with fifty thousand soldiers, attacked Tanguuds. Chinggis
Khaan soldiers captured Tsal city and went to Turemgy city. Mongolian soldiers
struggled with two thousand soldiers outside the wall, but they couldn’t pass
through inside. At that time Chinggis Khaan got an idea. That was sent birds
and cats, which were carrying fires, so the city was burnt. Then he went to
Yargai city that was located on the bank of Khatan River. Chinggis Khaan decided
to fluid the city by closing the River with rocks. That’s why Tangud’s Khan
gave up and gave his daughter to Chinggis Khaan. Mongolian soldiers invaded
and captured many Tangud’s villages and cities. So, Chinggis Khaan went to fight
against Altan Empire and collected twenty thousand soldiers.
In 1211 Chinggis Khaan gave to Zev three thousand soldiers and made him “Khoshuuch”.
Also he sent to Shijin city his four sons – Zuchi, Tsagadai, Ugudei, Tului. When Altan Empire’s King Yunty heard that he didn’t pay attention. Mongolian soldiers attach them very suddenly. Yunty sent his five generals to protect the eastern capital. That same year Zev’s soldiers conquered three huge ship ports: Ushebu, Eu and Yuwe.
In September of 1211 Zev’s soldiers captured Tsavchlal ship port using very good battle strategy. Then Chinggis Khaan’s three sons also invaded big cities like Shui Weizu and Yunne. King was with his the best soldier trying to gain Altan Empires capital Jundun city for two weeks. Because of the weather and many battles the strength of Mongolian warriors became more faded. That’s why he had to go back out side of the Great Wall. At that time Subeedei and Alchi captured Lyaodung city and were gathering with other soldiers.
In 1212 Chinggis Khaan’s soldiers had some rest and he wanted to go with them
to Shijin city again but he met lots of Altan Empire’s warriors on his way.
The enemies struggled with the main power of Mongolians and killed general Hishli
At this time Altan Empire’s Hidan general Elui Lyuchi went to Mongolian side.
Chinggis Khan recieved a very bad injure while invading Shijin city, so Mongolians had to go to Jundun city in 1213.
Because Jundun city was very powerful Chinggis Khan captured all the cities near it and it had no out relations. In 1214 Altan Empire’s King gave up and considered Chinggis Khan’s power.
Mongolian soldiers went back and reached the capital city Byani Lyani. When Chinggis heard this he called many best soldiers from Mongolia so that they could finally capture Jundun city.
In 1217 Khorezm’s Otrar city’s ruler Inalchug killed five hundred Mongolian
trade-sellers. After that Chinggis Khan called two hundred and thirty five thousand
soldiers to destroy the Khorezm cities.
In 1219 Chinggis Khaan’s warriors went to Khorezm. In 1220 they captured Otrar city. He divided soldiers into four groups and sent them to capture Khorezm cities. In 1221 Chinggis Khaan’s warriors united in Bukhar city and went further to Samarkand city.
On his way to Samarkand Chinggis Khaan didn’t destroy villages and cities that syrrendered. When Mongolians surrounded the city, the people easily gave up.
In summer of 1221 Mongolian warriors captured almost all Khorezm.
Chinggis Khaan’s hundred thousand soldiers went across Gazen city and followed Jalaldin (Khorezm’s sultan).
Chinggis Khaan divided soldiers in three groups. He led the main soldiers himself and they followed him to the Indy River. Jalaldin realized that he had no way to escape. “The Indy River battle” held there. It began early in the morning. When Mongolian soldiers attacked him he just jumped into the River with his horse and swam down the River. It happened in October of 1221.
Zev and Subeedei’s soldiers went to attack Azerbaijan. Its ruler gave to Mongolian soldiers gold, silver, different possessions and livestock for peace. Mongolian warriors accept that. Then both of them captured the land further near the Caspian Sea.
In spring of 1223 returned to Mongolia. On the way back home crossing the River
Amur Chinggis Khaan’s eldest son Zuchi died.
In summer of 1224 Zev and Subeedei’s soldiers fought and won the battle against Russia and Hibchak united soldiers. Then both of them captured other Russian cities like Kiev, Novgorod.
In summer of 1225 when Chinggis Khaan was 64 he finally returned home. After that he decided to attack Tanguud for the fifth time.
In autumn of 1225 they went to Tanguud. On the way Chinggis Khaan fell from the horse and was injured. Even thought he was injured he continued invading Tanguud. And finally in July of 1226 Mongolians captured Turemgy city.
From eighteenth of august of 1227 Chinggis Khaan’s health became very bad. After two days he announced Uguudei as the next King of the Mongolian Empire.
Eight days later when Chinggis Khaan was sixty-six years old he died.
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