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"A more useful science than the science of respiration, a more
beneficial science than the science of respiration, a greater friend
than the science of respiration has never been seen nor heard."
control of Breath". "Prana" is Breath or bio energy in
the body. On subtle levels prana represents the pranic energy
responsible for life or life force, and "ayama" means control.
So Pranayama is "Control of Breath". Pranayama is a
term with a wide range of meanings. Patanjali defines pranayama as
"the regulation of the incoming and outgoing flow of breath with
retention.". Prana is energy, when the self-energizing force
embraces the body. When this self-energizing force embraces the body
with extension, expansion and control, it is pranayama.
Pranayama or breathing technique is very important in yoga.In
pranayama we focus our attention on the breath. In the practice of
pranayama it is therefore very important to keep an alert mind, for the
processes that are being observed are very subtle.
Pranayam or complete breathing can be performed
in various ways :
Type - 1
Keep both the nostrils open and then inhale and exhale with both the
nasal passages. This type is nothing but quick breathing with both the
nasal cavities. One should inhale and exhale with as much speed as
possible and for as much time as feasible.
Type - 2
Take up Pranava Mudra and close the right nostril with the help of the
thumb of the right hand, and inhale with left nostril and also exhale
through the same nasal passage. In brief this type can be described as
quick breathing with the left nostril.
Type - 3
In this type left nostril is to be closed and the quick breathing is
done with the right nostril.
Type - 4
In this type close the right nostril, and inhale with the left nostril,
and then immediately close left nostril and exhale with the right
nostril. In this way try quick breathing by changing the nostrils.
Type - 5
This type of breathing is just opposite the previous one, that is, the
left nostril is closed and inhaling is done with the right nostril, then
immediately closing the right nostril, exhaling is done with the left
Type - 6
This type of breathing is designed by combining previous two types i.e.,
type 4 and type 5. First inhale with left nostril and exhale with right
one, then inhale with right nostril and exhale with left nostril. Later
continue the same process i.e. inhaling & exhaling with left and
right nostrils alternately. Further switch to fast breathing by
increasing the speed of breathing. After sufficient practice the speed
of breathing can be increased immensely.
The breathing should be made a part of daily practice of other
and be practiced for two to three minutes.
Sun Salutation (SuryaNamaskar)
Simple Daily Exercises
Treatment of Diseases through
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