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In this page we will discuss tridosha principle
which is one of the most fundamental principle of ayurveda .Western medicine
doesn't verifies this principle because the philosophical base of the two
medical systems are entirely different.
This principle is one of the basic principle of ayurveda,though this
principle can't be verified by the modern medical sciences as they are
based on principles completely different from ayurveda.The ayurvedic
principles believes that :
The structural aspect of the body is made up of five elements, but
the functional aspect of the body is governed by three biological
Ether and air together constitute vata; fire and water, pitta; and water
and earth, kapha. Vata, pitta and kapha are the three biological humor
that are the three biological components of the organism. They govern
psycho- biological changes in the body and physio- pathological changes
too. Vata-pitta-kapha are present in every cell, tissue and
organ.Everyone has the three humors or doshas present in their
constitutional makeup, but in unique combinations and any imbalance in
this constitution may lead to diseases.
For example, excess Vata can manifest as dry skin and insomnia; excess
Pitta as heart burn, a skin rash, acne and peptic ulcers; as respiratory
congestion involving phlegm, obesity, sinusitis and asthma.
There are many external and internal factors which may result into the
variation of the three doshas.Emotional factors like excessive fears and
anxieties can aggravate the Vata humor. Excessive anger and aggression
can disturb the Pitta dosha. Excessive emotional clinging or
possessiveness and general lethargic attitudes are said to cause a
disturbance in the Kapha humor. The diet that we primarily follow has a
powerful impact on the balance of the three Doshas, as well. Too much
light and dry food can cause Vata (air) to go out of balance, too much
hot and spicy food can aggravate Pitta (fire) and excessive heavy and
oily food can cause Kapha (water) to go out of balance.
The Vata dosha is the most important of the three doshas.Vata provides
the essential motion for all bodily processes and is extremely vital for
health. Vata dominated regions are intestines,
lumbar region, ears, bones and skin.
A person with Vata predominant is blessed with a quick mind, flexibility
and creativity.Vata people are more susceptible to diseases involving
the air principle, such as emphysema, pneumonia and
arthritis. Other common Vata disorders include flatulence, tics,
twitches, aching joints, dry skin and hair, nerve disorders,
constipation, and mental confusion. Vata tends to increase with age as
is indicated by drying and wrinkling of the skin.
Vata gets vitiated due to following reasons:
Frantic travel, especially by plane, loud noises, continual stimulation,
drugs, sugar, and alcohol .
Late nights, irregular food habits, talking in a high pitch.Over
physical and mental exertion, Consumption of spicy, dry, bitter food.
The pitta dosha assists the body fire or Agni, which plays a major role
in body & metabolic activities. The locations where pitta dominates
are digestive system, skin, eyes, brain, and blood. Pitta maintains body
temperature. The secretions like digestive juices pigments like melanin,
hemoglobin are all types of pitta. Pitta people have a strong
metabolism, good digestion, and strong appetites.Pitta people have a
lower tolerance for sunlight, heat or hard physical work. Mentally,
Pitta types are alert and intelligent and have good powers of
comprehension.Pitta people tend to have diseases involving the fire
principle such as fevers, inflammatory diseases and jaundice. common
symptoms include skin rashes, burning sensation, ulceration, fever,
inflammations or irritations such as conjunctivitis, colitis, or sore
Pitta gets vitiated due to following reasons:
Excess consumption of spicy, sour, salty foods,. consuming alcohol
Sunburn, poison ivy, prickly heat, and short temper.
Kapha provides bulk to body, lubrications, moistness, fertility,
stability, strength, and memory. Helps in binding process wherever
necessary. This is heaviest of all doshas. Kapha dominated regions are
chest, neck, head, stomach, body fat, nose and tongue.
Kapha people are blessed with strength, endurance and stamina.Their skin
is oily and smooth. Physically, Kapha people tend to gain weight and
have a slow metabolism.They tend to have diseases connected to the water
principle such as flu, sinus congestion, and other diseases involving
mucous. Sluggishness, excess weight, diabetes, water retention, and
headaches are also common.Winter is the time of greatest Kapha
Kapha gets vitiated due to following reasons:
Sleeping in daytime,
Consuming sweets , chilled food, in excess.
Know Your Ayurvedic Personality
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