This Period extends from 2680-2258 B.C. The most remarkable change was the transition of Step Pyramids to 'true' pyramids with smooth surfaces. This transition gave a result of technical skills. Namer (Cairo) represents animal and human forms in scenes of battle with the ground divided into registers and with emphasis on silhouette in the carving.
This Period has its capital at Thebes (2000-1786 B.C.), it was a new age of experiment and invention that grew out of the turbulence of the First Intermediate Period (2134-c.2000 B.C.). The forms of the Old era were retained, but the unity of style was broken. Increasing formalism was combined with a meticulous delicacy of craftsmanship.