The environmental crisis is largely due to the fact that we use too much resources, reuse too little of them and produce too much waste. There are four factors that have contributed to this situation: human activites such as agriculture and industry, population explosion, technological advances and modern lifestyle.
Human activities like agriculture and industry have been a great impact on the environment. Agriculture needs lots of land for growing crops and rearing of animals. Because of this, large areas of forests have been cleared and it leads to a reduction of oxygen in the atmosphere. A lot of the industries have given out harmful gases such as sulphur dioxide which can harm us. Some industries also dispose their waste substances improperly which can damage the environment and we will suffer.
The world has a rapid increase in the population since the early 20th century. If you think it is a good sign, you are wrong. With more people, more resources are used up. The resources will soon be finished and we will die without it. There will also be more waste produced and soon a lot of land is needed for these piles of waste. Although more population prevent the human race from getting extinct but more people means more pollution, more sprawls, less green space, and even more demands on the earth's already overburdened resources.
There are a great number of inventions which have improved our lives. However, some of the inventions such as the car, damages the environment by producing poisonous carbon monoxide. It can cause brain damage and even death if you are always exposed to carbon monoxide.
In the modern day world that we live in, technology is forever changing and improving all around us. When we talk about new technology, we are talking about the development of objects and processes in which being created can modify and improve our lives. Pollution and the general decrease in the earth natural resources in our environment are some of the main reasons that people are against the continuance of society's technological advances. Many of the technological machines and products use a large amount of energy that is derived from the earth's natural resources.
Technology does make activities uncomplicated, and people are at great risk to their health with the advancements in technology. Not only have individuals fabricated new ways of entertainment, but have built factories, which pollute the air they breathe and water they drink. Technology owes ecology an apology. This is because ecological imbalances were a result of the industrial revolution, which could be said to be the beginning of the non-ending technological advancement cycle. During Industrial revolution, we began altering our climate and environment through changing agricultural and industrial practices. Before the industrial revolution, human activities released very few gases into the atmosphere, but now through population growth fossil fuel burning and deforestation, we are affecting the mixture of gases in the air, which in turn affects all other species in the world.
The water bodies have been major victims to, and have experienced the whims of technology. They have been used as dumping grounds for all toxic waste – waste that is as a result of technological advancement. This has brought about the extinction of some species and has killed many types of marine species. In addition to this, the once beautiful beaches of the world have been scarred with waste. The natural water rivers no longer hold rich ecosystems as before as many of them cannot be able to survive in the harsh conditions.
In our midern lifestyle, chopsticks, paper plates, cups and plastic bags are disposable now. It is convenient, however, if you imagine that everyone use disposable products, there will be large amount of waste produced. It will create lots of problems for us such as not enough land for this waste. This results in an excessive amount of waste.