Wien's Law for a Blackbody
Wilhem Wien, a German physicist, derived this law for a blackbody, which stars in essence, are (A blackbody is a perfect object that does not reflect any light and absorbs all radiation). This law can be used to calculate the surface temperature of a star if the peak intensity wavelength is known and it is not necessary to know other details like the distance of the star from Earth to compute the answer.
Where is the wavelength of maximum emission of the object in metres and T is the temperature of the object in Kelvins.
Use the formula
Therefore, the star’s colour is blue-white.
Stefan-Boltzmann Law for a Blackbody
This equation was derived by 2 Austrian physicists- Josef Stefan and Ludwig Boltzmann.
Where F is the energy flux, the amount of energy emitted from each square meter of an object’s surface in a second (total energy of the sun emitted in a second divided by the surface area).(sigma) is a constant of . By the way, Wm to the power of -2 stands for watts per metre square. Finally, T is the object’s temperature in Kelvins.
Our first step is to find the value of F, the energy flux:
Next, we substitute this into the equation
Therefore, the surface temperature of the sun is 5800 K.
Life Cycles of Stars | Diffuse Nebula | Main-Sequence Stars | Red Giants after Main-Sequence | Death of a Low Mass Star | Death of a High-Mass Star | Star Families | Magnitude Scale | Measuring Stellar Distances | Classification of stars | Wien's Law and Stefan-Boltzmannn Law for a Blackbody | Stellar Spectra