Phosphorus is an element. It's name comes from Greek word "phosphoros" which means to "have light". Ancient Greeks called the planet Venus phosphorous because it was very bright. There are four forms of phosphorus.
white or yellow wax
black or purple powder
The common form of phosphorus is a white and waxy solid. It cannot dissolve in water, but it burns easily (that's why it is ingredient in the burning part of the match).Phosphorus is never found alone. In nature phosphorus is combined with other materials to make phosphate rock. Phosphate rock consists of phosphorus and other minerals such as apatite. This rock is mined all over the world.
COOL LINK: Interactive Periodic Table