To understand the working of anti-matter engines let us first see the construction of an antimatter engine. It is made up of 3 main components
• Payload section - this is used to store the antimatter and separate it from matter.
• Storage system- to produce energy
• Magnetic rocket nozzle thruster – produces sufficient thrust to propel the spacecraft
Payload section is made up of magnetic storage rings. They are storage rings with magnetic field. They continuously move the antimatter particles in a ring until they are required to liberate energy. When the energy is needed antimatter particle is released and directed towards the matter to produce energy. This operation is carried out in the storage system. A long magnetic nozzle (nozzle operating on magnetic energy) transfers the energy released to a thruster that produces the necessary thrust to propel the spacecraft forward.
The antimatter propulsion techniques has some pros and cons.