|Space Travel 101: Fundamentals of Space Travel|
In this mission, the USSR launched the first space flight with more than one person aboard. This was also the first flight without spacesuits.
On October 12, 1964 , the USSR launched the first space flight with more than one person aboard. The three cosmonauts aboard, pilot Vladimir Komarov, engineer Konstantin Feoktistov, and doctor Boris Yegorov, flew 16 orbits of the Earth in 24 hours. In orbit, they studied how a multi-disciplinary crew could work together, as well as doing biomedical research. While they were in flight, the leader of the Soviet Union , Nikita Kruschev, was deposed in a coup d'état, which cut the flight short.
The launch of Voskhod 1 was an attempt by the USSR to beat the United States to a multi-manned flight. This was the first crew to fly without spacesuits. The United States had been preparing the Gemini program with 2-person crews to fly the next year. Vokshod 1 was a major national prestige triumph for the USSR , and had a significant worldwide impact, paving the ground for further multi-manned flights.