Epidemics and medicine >> Regions
>> Africa >> Malaria
Malaria is a tropical disease caused by infection of the human liver and
red cells by Plasmodium, a protozoan parasite which is transmitted
to humans by a bite from the female Anopheles mosquito.
Anopheles mosquito: this mosquito acts as a carrier of
malaria. When the mosquito bites a victim, it delivers malaria to the
Malaria is thought to have originated in Africa. Almost 85% of the world's
malaria occurs in sub-Saharan Africa. It has spread through the Mediterranean,
Southeast Asia and India by human migration and can be found in all tropical
and some temperate regions. Approximately one million death occur among the
children in Africa, especially those in rural area where access to medical
treatments are not readily available.