|Health Care Workers|
Surgeons perform surgery, which is the practice of treating diseases and/or
injuries in operations normally with instruments. Surgery was invented a long time ago and means "working by hand" in Greek. If a Stone Age person had a headache a hole might be cut in their head to "release the evil spirits." Other primitive people used splints or seared the flesh to fix broken body parts and stop bleeding.
The Hindus had 125 different surgical tools! They also could do some plastic surgery to replace noses and ears! Surgeons and barbers in the Middle Ages conducted operations; only barbers did blood letting. This is how the barber pole originated. Red for blood and white for bandages!
Ambroise Pare was a Frenchmen who lived in the 1500s. He stopped the practice of pouring boiling oil on wounds to sterilize them.
By 2001, surgeons could do remote controlled surgical operations. This is used when a doctor cannot get
to where the operation is taking place. Through technology, they
perform the surgery from thousands of miles away! In 1967, An African surgeon completed the first heart transplant.
Munson, Edwin S.. "Surgery." World Book Online Reference Center. 2004. World Book, Inc. 16 Feb. 2004. . <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar540820.>