is a disease where the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that enables cells to use sugar for energy.
This results in sugar imbalances and other complications.
It is one of the leading causes of deaths in North America.
the U.S. and Canada alone there are 19.2 million cases of diabetes.
425,000 people die each year from diabetes in these countries.
who are at greater risk for diabetes include people 45 and older, those
who are related to diabetics, and those of African, Hispanic, or Native
American backgrounds. Native
Americans hold the highest rate of cases. More women have diabetes than
symptoms of diabetes are more than normal urination, blurred vision,
dramatic weight loss, irritability, thirst, weakness, fatigue, nausea, and
are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.
Most of the Type 1 cases occur around puberty. In the U.S. 5-10% of
diabetes cases are Type 1.
In Type 1 diabetes the immune system destroys insulin-producing cells. Scientists have found 20 genes that may contribute to causing Type 1 diabetes.
insulin-producing cells are destroyed in Type 1 diabetes, diabetics with
this type must take insulin injections.
If a person does not take insulin injection, their blood sugar
becomes high. If a personís
blood sugar is high, they could go in a coma or die.
the body cannot produce energy from sugar it breaks
down stored fat for energy, which puts acid in the blood.
The acid stops the energy making process.
2 diabetes is the most common kind of diabetes, accounting for 90-95% of
all diabetes cases. Type 2
occurs mostly in people 45 years and older. The number of cases in younger
people are growing. Scientists
believe certain genes and obesity contribute to getting diabetes.
80% of all diabetics are obese.
diabetes in not treated it could cause blindness.
It can stop the
kidneys from processing toxins, and also cause blood clots, heart attacks,
strokes, and high blood pressure. It
may cause a loss of feeling in the lower legs.
Legs may have to be amputated.
Burning pain, sensitivity, and coldness of the feet are side
effects of Type 1 diabetes.
get glucose tests to diagnose diabetes.
People with Type 1 diabetes generally get insulin injections. The
amount of insulin depends on the diet and fitness. Blood sugar should stay
within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetics diet control, exercise, and weight reduction are
important. Exercise helps,
even ten minutes every day.
To reduce the risk of diabetes, people can stay physically fit by exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet that doesnít contain lots of refined sugar, and keeping their weight under control.
Nathan, David M.. "Diabetes." World Book Online Reference Center. 2004. World Book, Inc. 17 Feb. 2004. . <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar157400.>
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