(Furry) Mammals bred for economic
The nutria is brought to our continent from South America. Its original home
is from South Brazil and Bolivia to Chile and South Argentina. It lives in
watery areas, along streams and rivers, and in their rich and varied
vegetation. Breeders sell not only the nutria's fur but also its meat. The
nutria has got tasty meat, it is in great demand in some European countries.
The undesirable settlement of the animal is reported in some marshlands of
Middle and Eastern Europe.
The chinchilla is a small chubby, squirrel-like, friendly rodent, and with
the discovery of America it started its conquering tour from the Andes (like
its “college”, the guinea-pig). It lives its night life in groups hiding
among stones. It got its name after Chincha Indians, who hunted for
chinchillas, ate their meat and used their fur as clothes or blankets. In
the 15th century, after Indians, Spanish people also named this small useful
rodent by themselves chinchilla. When the Incas subdued the Chinchas, they
forbade them to wear chinchilla-clothes, and chinchilla fur became a basic
material for clothes of the Inca's ruling class and the Inca nobles could
wear it only. In the 16th century Spanish people conquered the Incas and the
looting expedition of the Spanish nobles started. In 1918 the governments of
Chile, Peru and Bolivia prohibited the hunt of this small animal and the
export of its fur. However it was too late at that time. More and more
people saw the business in breeding chinchillas, found a potential market
for chinchilla fur and founded organizations for selling the fur. The first
standards of chinchilla fur soon appeared.